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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. HBase vs. Microsoft SQL Server

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. HBase vs. Microsoft SQL Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTableMicrosofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Wide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score87.26
Rank#15  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score42.45
Rank#26  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Score944.96
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbhbase.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-server
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbhbase.apache.orgdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-server
DeveloperAmazonApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by PowersetMicrosoft
Initial release201220081989
Current release2.3.4, January 2021SQL Server 2019, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows infousing Cygwin
Linux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free, schema definition possibleyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesoptions to bring your own types, AVROyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJava API
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoCoprocessors in JavaTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionSingle row ACID (across millions of columns)ACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access Control Lists (ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABACfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBHBaseMicrosoft SQL Server
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