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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. H2 vs. XTDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. H2 vs. XTDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonXTDB infoformerly named Crux  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.A general purpose database with bitemporal SQL and Datalog and graph queries
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMSDocument store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score74.07
Rank#17  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score8.13
Rank#49  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score0.11
Rank#343  Overall
#46  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbwww.h2database.comgithub.com/­xtdb/­xtdb
www.xtdb.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlwww.xtdb.com/­docs
DeveloperAmazonThomas MuellerJuxt Ltd.
Initial release201220052019
Current release2.2.220, July 20231.19, September 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoMIT License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaClojure
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java 8 (and higher) VM
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes, extensible-data-notation format
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyeslimited SQL, making use of Apache Calcite
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
HTTP REST
JDBC
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaClojure
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsno
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseyes, each node contains all data
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes, flexibel persistency by using storage technologies like Apache Kafka, RocksDB or LMDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBH2XTDB infoformerly named Crux
DB-Engines blog posts

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Recent citations in the news

Freecharge lowered their identity management system cost and improved scaling by switching to Amazon DynamoDB ...
20 May 2024, AWS Blog

Migrating Uber's Ledger Data from DynamoDB to LedgerStore
11 April 2024, Uber

Zendesk Moves from DynamoDB to MySQL and S3 to Save over 80% in Costs
29 December 2023, InfoQ.com

Introducing configurable maximum throughput for Amazon DynamoDB on-demand | Amazon Web Services
3 May 2024, AWS Blog

Distributed Transactions at Scale in Amazon DynamoDB
7 November 2023, InfoQ.com

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