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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. H2 vs. HyperSQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. H2 vs. HyperSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.Multithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDB
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score73.76
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score8.95
Rank#50  Overall
#30  Relational DBMS
Score4.84
Rank#74  Overall
#41  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbwww.h2database.comhsqldb.org
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmlhsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.html
DeveloperAmazonThomas Mueller
Initial release201220052001
Current release1.4.200, October 20192.6.0, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infobased on BSD license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modes
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
HTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
JavaAll languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined FunctionsJava, SQL
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databasenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBH2HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB
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