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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner

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Our visitors often compare Amazon DynamoDB and Google Cloud Spanner with Amazon Aurora, Google Cloud Bigtable and PostgreSQL.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score75.20
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score3.06
Rank#94  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbcloud.google.com/­spanner
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbcloud.google.com/­spanner/­docs
DeveloperAmazonGoogle
Initial release20122017
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Server operating systemshostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnono
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdano
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yes infousing Google Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrity
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACID infoStrict serializable isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBGoogle Cloud Spanner
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