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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. ToroDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. ToroDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonToroDB  Xexclude from comparison
ToroDB seems to be discontinued. Therefore it is excluded from the DB-Engines Ranking.
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.A MongoDB-compatible JSON document store, built on top of PostgreSQL
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Document storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score74.07
Rank#17  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score7.85
Rank#51  Overall
#8  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestoregithub.com/­torodb/­server
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestore
DeveloperAmazonGoogle8Kdata
Initial release201220172016
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercialOpen Source infoAGPL-V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedhostedAll OS with a Java 7 VM
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infostring, integer, double, boolean, date, object_id
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functions
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayes, with Cloud Functionsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replicationSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)Using Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionyesno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Access rights for users and roles

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBGoogle Cloud FirestoreToroDB
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Recent citations in the news

Using the circuit-breaker pattern with AWS Lambda extensions and Amazon DynamoDB | Amazon Web Services
16 May 2024, AWS Blog

Migrating Uber's Ledger Data from DynamoDB to LedgerStore
11 April 2024, Uber

Zendesk Moves from DynamoDB to MySQL and S3 to Save over 80% in Costs
29 December 2023, InfoQ.com

Continuously replicate Amazon DynamoDB changes to Amazon Aurora PostgreSQL using AWS Lambda | Amazon ...
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Distributed Transactions at Scale in Amazon DynamoDB
7 November 2023, InfoQ.com

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Google's Cloud Firestore is now generally available
31 January 2019, ZDNet

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