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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Google BigQuery vs. LMDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Google BigQuery vs. LMDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle BigQuery  Xexclude from comparisonLMDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudLarge scale data warehouse service with append-only tablesA high performant, light-weight, embedded key-value database libraryElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerLow-cost RDBMS with access to ISAM and FoxPro data structures
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score84.46
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score48.61
Rank#23  Overall
#15  Relational DBMS
Score2.44
Rank#117  Overall
#22  Key-value stores
Score20.66
Rank#36  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score3.68
Rank#91  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbcloud.google.com/­bigquerywww.symas.com/­symas-embedded-database-lmdbazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.sap.com/­products/­advantage-database-server.html
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbcloud.google.com/­bigquery/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperAmazonGoogleSymasMicrosoftSybase, SAP
Initial release20122010201120161993
Current release0.9.29, March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercialOpen Sourcecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedhostedLinux
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesnonoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesnoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
.NET Client API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Ruby
CC#
Java
PHP
Delphi
Perl
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions infoin JavaScriptnoTransact SQLyes
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdanononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenoneSharding, horizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneyesMulti-source replication infoCONFLICT Trigger to resolve replication conflicts
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionno infoSince BigQuery is designed for querying dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesno infocaching of (temporary) tables can be configured
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access privileges (owner, writer, reader) on dataset, table or view level infoGoogle Cloud Identity & Access Management (IAM)noyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBGoogle BigQueryLMDBMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS
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