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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. IBM Cloudant

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. IBM Cloudant

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Cloudant  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.Database as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDB
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Document storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score70.07
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score16.91
Rank#38  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score3.11
Rank#89  Overall
#16  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasewww.ibm.com/­cloud/­cloudant
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasecloud.ibm.com/­docs/­Cloudant
DeveloperAmazonGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014IBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014
Initial release201220122010
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlang
Server operating systemshostedhostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnolimited functionality with using 'rules'View functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScript
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS LambdaCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)noyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionyesno infoatomic operations within a document possible
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoOptimistic locking
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)yes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users can be defined per database

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBFirebase Realtime DatabaseIBM Cloudant
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