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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. SingleStore

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. SingleStore

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudCloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.A horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.MySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storage with patented universal storage to handle transactional and analytical workloads in one single table type
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Document storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score79.85
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score19.36
Rank#36  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score3.46
Rank#92  Overall
#48  Relational DBMS
Score6.66
Rank#59  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-databasecloud.google.com/­spannerwww.singlestore.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbfirebase.google.com/­docs/­databasecloud.google.com/­spanner/­docsdocs.singlestore.com
DeveloperAmazonGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014GoogleSingleStore Inc.
Initial release2012201220172013
Current release7.6, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercialcommercialcommercial infofree developer edition available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SingleStore Managed Service: The world's fastest, modern cloud database for both operational (OLTP) and analytical (OLAP) workloads. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities
Implementation languageC++, Go
Server operating systemshostedhostedhostedLinux info64 bit version required
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011yes infobut no triggers and foreign keys
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
Cluster Management API infoas HTTP Rest and CLI
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Bash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnolimited functionality with using 'rules'noyes
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS LambdaCallbacks are triggered when data changesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infohash partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Source-replica replication infostores two copies of each physical data partition on two separate nodes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)noyes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowno infocan define user-defined aggregate functions for map-reduce-style calculations
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionyesACID infoStrict serializable isolationACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoAll updates are persistent, including those to disk-based columnstores and memory-based row stores. Transaction commits are supported via write-ahead log.
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)yes, based on authentication and database rulesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)Fine grained access control via users, groups and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DynamoDBFirebase Realtime DatabaseGoogle Cloud SpannerSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL
Specific characteristicsSingleStore offers a fully-managed , distributed, highly-scalable SQL database designed...
» more
Competitive advantagesSingleStore’s competitive advantages include: Easy and Simplified Architecture with...
» more
Typical application scenariosDriving Fast Analytics: SingleStore delivers the fastest and most scalable reporting...
» more
Key customersIEX Cloud : Improves Financial Data Distribution Speed 15x with Singlestore DB Comcast,...
» more
Market metricsCustomers in various industries worldwide including US and International Industry...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsF ree Tier and Enterprise Edition
» more

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBFirebase Realtime DatabaseGoogle Cloud SpannerSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL
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