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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. EXASOL vs. JanusGraph vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. EXASOL vs. JanusGraph vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonEXASOL  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudHigh-performance, in-memory, MPP database specifically designed for in-memory analytics.A Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017Widely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score64.27
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score2.75
Rank#88  Overall
#44  Relational DBMS
Score1.78
Rank#120  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
Score509.86
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbwww.exasol.com/­en/­productsjanusgraph.orgwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbwww.exasol.com/­en/­community/­resourcesdocs.janusgraph.orgwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperAmazonExasolLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release2012200020171989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release0.5.0, March 202012.2, February 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
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Implementation languageJavaC
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesnoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP API.Net
JDBC
ODBC
WebSocket
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
Lua
Python
R
Clojure
Java
Python
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsyesuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yes infoHadoop integrationyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engineno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users, groups and roles according to SQL-standardUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Serverfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBEXASOLJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanPostgreSQL
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