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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Couchbase vs. MySQL vs. Trafodion

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Couchbase vs. MySQL vs. Trafodion

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonTrafodion  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceWidely used open source RDBMSTransactional SQL-on-Hadoop DBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Document storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
Spatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score76.93
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score27.68
Rank#29  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score1212.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.53
Rank#232  Overall
#112  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbwww.couchbase.comwww.mysql.comtrafodion.apache.org
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.couchbase.comdev.mysql.com/­doctrafodion.apache.org
DeveloperAmazonCouchbase, Inc.Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunApache Software Foundation, originally developed by HP
Initial release2012201119952014
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 20198.0.26, July 20212.3.0, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicksScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC and C++C++, Java
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yes infowith proprietary extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APINative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC/ADO.Net
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoFunctions and timers in JavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntaxJava Stored Procedures
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayes infovia the TAP protocolyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes, via HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yesnoyes infovia user defined functions and HBase
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)User and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DynamoDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMySQLTrafodion
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMySQLTrafodion
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