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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Couchbase vs. Google Cloud Bigtable

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Couchbase vs. Google Cloud Bigtable

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Document storeWide column store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score68.89
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score30.55
Rank#26  Overall
#4  Document stores
Score4.06
Rank#82  Overall
#7  Wide column stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbwww.couchbase.comcloud.google.com/­bigtable
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.couchbase.comcloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docs
DeveloperAmazonCouchbase, Inc.Google
Initial release201220112015
Current releaseServer: 6.5, January 2020; Mobile: 2.7, January 2020; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Couchbase Cloud: Deploy, manage, and operate Couchbase in a few clicks
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and Erlang
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numberno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.no
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APINative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsgRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoFunctions and timers in JavaScriptno
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayes infovia the TAP protocolno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Source-replica replication
Internal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zones
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDAtomic single-row operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)User and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated AuthenticationAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DynamoDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGoogle Cloud Bigtable
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseGoogle Cloud Bigtable
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