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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. CouchDB vs. MySQL vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. CouchDB vs. MySQL vs. Solr

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Widely used open source RDBMSA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Document storeRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APISearch engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score76.55
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score15.79
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score1219.77
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score51.17
Rank#22  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbcouchdb.apache.orgwww.mysql.comlucene.apache.org/­solr
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledev.mysql.com/­doclucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
DeveloperAmazonApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunApache Software Foundation
Initial release2012200519952006
Current release3.1.1, September 20208.0.26, July 20218.9.0, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC and C++Java
Server operating systemshostedAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infowith proprietary extensionsSolr Parallel SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIRESTful HTTP/JSON APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions in JavaScriptyes infoproprietary syntaxJava plugins
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayesyesyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0horizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yesnospark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users can be defined per databaseUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesyes

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