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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. CouchDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. CouchDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Document storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score69.14
Rank#17  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score15.62
Rank#38  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score31.66
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbcouchdb.apache.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperAmazonApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerMicrosoft
Initial release201220052014
Current release3.1.1 , September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlang
Server operating systemshostedAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIRESTful HTTP/JSON APIDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions in JavaScriptJavaScript
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS LambdayesJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Sharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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