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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. CouchDB vs. Hypertable vs. Impala

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. CouchDB vs. Hypertable vs. Impala

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonHypertable  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparison
Hypertable has stopped its further development with March 2016 and is removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.An open source BigTable implementation based on distributed file systems such as HadoopAnalytic DBMS for Hadoop
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Document storeWide column storeRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score76.55
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score15.79
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score18.68
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbcouchdb.apache.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.html
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stabledocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.html
DeveloperAmazonApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerHypertable Inc.Cloudera
Initial release2012200520092013
Current release3.1.1, September 20200.9.8.11, March 20163.4.0, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoGNU version 3. Commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangC++C++
Server operating systemshostedAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows infoan inofficial Windows port is available
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnonoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsrestricted infoonly exact value or prefix value scansyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIRESTful HTTP/JSON APIC++ API
Thrift
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
C++
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions in JavaScriptnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduce
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0ShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
selectable replication factor on file system levelselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yesyesyes infoquery execution via MapReduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionno infoatomic operations within a single document possiblenono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users can be defined per databasenoAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberos

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"HypertableImpala
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