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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. CouchDB vs. HyperSQL vs. Impala vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. CouchDB vs. HyperSQL vs. Impala vs. MySQL

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonHyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDB  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Multithreaded, transactional RDBMS written in Java infoalso known as HSQLDBAnalytic DBMS for HadoopWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Document storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extensionDocument storeDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score76.93
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score15.47
Rank#40  Overall
#6  Document stores
Score4.92
Rank#73  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Score18.65
Rank#37  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score1212.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbcouchdb.apache.orghsqldb.orgwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlwww.mysql.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablehsqldb.org/­web/­hsqlDocsFrame.htmldocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmldev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperAmazonApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerClouderaOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release20122005200120131995
Current release3.1.1, September 20202.6.0, March 20213.4.0, April 20208.0.26, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infobased on BSD licenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlangJavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VM infoEmbedded (into Java applications) and Client-Server operating modesLinuxFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIRESTful HTTP/JSON APIHTTP API infoJDBC via HTTP
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Java
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCAda
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions in JavaScriptJava, SQLyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayesyesnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0noneShardinghorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
noneselectable replication factorMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yesnoyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesnoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleACIDnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users can be defined per databasefine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"HyperSQL infoalso known as HSQLDBImpalaMySQL
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