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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. CouchDB vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. GraphDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. CouchDB vs. Google Cloud Firestore vs. GraphDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.Enterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Document storeDocument storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS infousing the Geocouch extension
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score87.26
Rank#15  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score17.02
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
Score10.03
Rank#49  Overall
#8  Document stores
Score2.55
Rank#113  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbcouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestorewww.ontotext.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestoregraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentation
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHubMedium
DeveloperAmazonApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogleOntotext
Initial release2012200520172000
Current release3.2.2, April 20229.8, June 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoApache version 2commercialcommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourced
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangJava
Server operating systemshostedAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hostedAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononostored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBC
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
GeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions in JavaScriptyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functionswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibility
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayesyes, with Cloud Functionsno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0Shardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replicationMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yesUsing Cloud Dataflowno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononoyes infoConstraint checking
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyesACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.Default Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DynamoDBCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Google Cloud FirestoreGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Google Cloud FirestoreGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM
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