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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. CouchDB vs. Firebase Realtime Database

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"  Xexclude from comparisonFirebase Realtime Database  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudA native JSON - document store inspired by Lotus Notes, scalable from globally distributed server-clusters down to mobile phones.Cloud-hosted realtime document store. iOS, Android, and JavaScript clients share one Realtime Database instance and automatically receive updates with the newest data.
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Document storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score60.18
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score18.04
Rank#34  Overall
#5  Document stores
Score11.74
Rank#40  Overall
#7  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbcouchdb.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­realtime-database
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.couchdb.org/­en/­stablefirebase.google.com/­docs/­database
DeveloperAmazonApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Damien Katz, a former Lotus Notes developerGoogle infoacquired by Google 2014
Initial release201220052012
Current release2.3.1, March 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoApache version 2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageErlang
Server operating systemshostedAndroid
BSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infovia viewsyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIRESTful HTTP/JSON APIAndroid
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
ColdFusion
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions in JavaScriptlimited functionality with using 'rules'
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS LambdayesCallbacks are triggered when data changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infoimproved architecture with release 2.0
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoif the client is offline
Immediate Consistency infoif the client is online
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionno infoatomic operations within a single document possibleyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infostrategy: optimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users can be defined per databaseyes, based on authentication and database rules

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBCouchDB infostands for "Cluster Of Unreliable Commodity Hardware"Firebase Realtime Database
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