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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Cloudant vs. Couchbase

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Cloudant vs. Couchbase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interface
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Document storeDocument store
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocol
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score61.63
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score3.50
Rank#78  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score31.49
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbcloudant.comwww.couchbase.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.cloudant.comdocs.couchbase.com
DeveloperAmazonIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014Couchbase, Inc.
Initial release201220102011
Current releaseServer: 6.0, October 2018; Mobile: 2.5, May 2019; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangC, C++, Go and Erlang
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infoString, Boolean, Number
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIRESTful HTTP/JSON APINative language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIs
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptFunctions and timers in JavaScript
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayesyes infovia the TAP protocol
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionno infoatomic operations within a document possibleSingle-document ACID transactions
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoEphemeral buckets
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users can be defined per databaseUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authentication
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DynamoDBCloudantCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBCloudantCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase
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