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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Citus vs. Galaxybase vs. HugeGraph

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Citus vs. Galaxybase vs. HugeGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCitus  Xexclude from comparisonGalaxybase  Xexclude from comparisonHugeGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLScalable, ACID-compliant native distributed parallel graph platformA fast-speed and highly-scalable Graph DBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score88.35
Rank#15  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score2.34
Rank#125  Overall
#62  Relational DBMS
Score0.09
Rank#370  Overall
#36  Graph DBMS
Score0.42
Rank#271  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbwww.citusdata.comgalaxybase.comgithub.com/­hugegraph
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.citusdata.comhugegraph.github.io/­hugegraph-doc
DeveloperAmazonChuanglin(Createlink) Technology Co., Ltd 浙江创邻科技有限公司Baidu
Initial release2012201020172018
Current release8.1, December 2018Nov 20, November 20210.9
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availablecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCC and JavaJava
Server operating systemshostedLinuxLinuxLinux
macOS
Unix
Data schemeschema-freeyesStrong typed schemayes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infoalso supports composite index and range index
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsnono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Browser interface
console (shell)
Graph API (Gremlin)
OpenCypher
Proprietary native API
Java API
RESTful HTTP API
TinkerPop Gremlin
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Go
Java
Python
Groovy
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.user defined procedures and functionsasynchronous Gremlin script jobs
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingyes infodepending on used storage backend, e.g. Cassandra and HBase
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsyes infodepending on used storage backend, e.g. Cassandra and HBase
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nonovia hugegraph-spark
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoedges in graph
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access controlUsers, roles and permissions

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBCitusGalaxybaseHugeGraph
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