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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Citus vs. CrateDB vs. Galaxybase vs. Google Cloud Bigtable

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Citus vs. CrateDB vs. Galaxybase vs. Google Cloud Bigtable

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCitus  Xexclude from comparisonCrateDB  Xexclude from comparisonGalaxybase  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Bigtable  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudScalable hybrid operational and analytics RDBMS for big data use cases based on PostgreSQLDistributed Date Store based on LuceneScalable, ACID-compliant native distributed parallel graph platformGoogle's NoSQL Big Data database service. It's the same database that powers many core Google services, including Search, Analytics, Maps, and Gmail.
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Search engine
Graph DBMSKey-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
Time Series DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score87.26
Rank#15  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score1.71
Rank#134  Overall
#67  Relational DBMS
Score0.94
Rank#183  Overall
#88  Relational DBMS
#13  Search engines
Score0.04
Rank#337  Overall
#35  Graph DBMS
Score4.84
Rank#80  Overall
#13  Key-value stores
#6  Wide column stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbwww.citusdata.comcrate.iogalaxybase.comcloud.google.com/­bigtable
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.citusdata.comcrate.io/­docscloud.google.com/­bigtable/­docs
DeveloperAmazonCrateChuanglin(Createlink) Technology Co., Ltd 浙江创邻科技有限公司Google
Initial release20122010201320172015
Current release8.1, December 2018Nov 20, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoAGPL, commercial license also availableOpen Sourcecommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJavaC and Java
Server operating systemshostedLinuxAll OS with a Java 7 (and higher) VMLinuxhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)Strong typed schemaschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.yes infospecific XML type available, but no XML query functionalitynonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infostandard, with numerous extensionsyes, but no triggers and constraintsnono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET infocommunity maintained client
JDBC
MQTT (Message Queue Telemetry Transport)
PostgreSQL wire protocol
Prometheus Remote Read/Write
RESTful HTTP API
Browser interface
console (shell)
Graph API (Gremlin)
OpenCypher
Proprietary native API
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
HappyBase (Python library)
HBase compatible API (Java)
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Erlang
Go infocommunity maintained client
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) infocommunity maintained client
Perl infocommunity maintained client
PHP
Python
Ruby infocommunity maintained client
Scala infocommunity maintained client
Go
Java
Python
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.user defined functionsuser defined procedures and functionsno
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayesnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsselectable replication factorInternal replication in Colossus, and regional replication between two clusters in different zones
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Read Your Own Writes Consistency infofor primary key lookups
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency (for a single cluster), Eventual consistency (for two or more replicated clusters)
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesnoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDno infounique row identifiers can be used for implementing an optimistic concurrency control strategyACIDAtomic single-row operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardrights management via user accountsRole-based access controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DynamoDBCitusCrateDBGalaxybaseGoogle Cloud Bigtable
Specific characteristicsCrateDB is an open source distributed SQL database that spreads data and processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesCrateDB is typically used in operational analytics applications, particularly those...
» more
Typical application scenariosCrateDB is ideal for integrating and analyzing streams of data--often machine-generated--in...
» more
Key customersCrateDB customers include McAfee, Qualtrics , Nokia, NBC Golfnow , Digital Domain...
» more
Market metricsThe CrateDB open source project was started in 2014. CrateDB was the winner of TechCrunch...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsCrateDB pricing CrateDB Community Edition is open source and free to use under the...
» more

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBCitusCrateDBGalaxybaseGoogle Cloud Bigtable
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