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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Cassandra vs. HBase

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Cassandra vs. HBase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparisonHBase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write accessWide-column store based on Apache Hadoop and on concepts of BigTable
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Wide column storeWide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Rank#22  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Wide column stores
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentation/­dynamodbdocs.datastax.comhbase.apache.org
DeveloperAmazonApache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by FacebookApache Software Foundation infoApache top-level project, originally developed by Powerset
Initial release201220082008
Current release3.11.1, October 20171.2.6, June 2017
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoApache version 2Open Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Windows infousing Cygwin
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solutionno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statements (CQL)no
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIProprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Java API
Supported programming languages.Net
JavaScript infoNode.js
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes infoCoprocessors in Java
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possibleselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yesyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datano infoConcurrent data updates can be detected by the applicationno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operationsno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users can be defined per objectAccess Control Lists (ACL) infoImplementation based on Hadoop and ZooKeeper
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DynamoDBCassandraHBase
Specific characteristicsAmazon DynamoDB is a fast and flexible NoSQL database service for all applications...
» more
Apache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system driving...
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Competitive advantagesFully Managed Amazon DynamoDB is a fully managed cloud NoSQL database service – you...
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No single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
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Typical application scenariosAd Tech Amazon DynamoDB is a NoSQL database service that delivers consistent, single-digit...
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Internet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
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Key customersAdRoll , BMW , Canary , Dropcam , Duolingo , MediaTek , Nordstrom , Redfin , Supercell...
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Barracuda Networks, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best Buy, Comcast, eBay, Hulu,...
» more
Market metricsAccording to DB-Engines' ranking , Amazon DynamoDB is the most popular fully managed...
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Cassandra is used by a quarter of the Fortune 100
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsWith Amazon DynamoDB, you only pay for the throughput and storage you need. The AWS...
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Apache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBCassandraHBase
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