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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. BoltDB vs. Greenplum vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. BoltDB vs. Greenplum vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonBoltDB  Xexclude from comparisonGreenplum  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudAn embedded key-value store for Go.Analytic Database platform built on PostgreSQL. Full name is Pivotal Greenplum Database infoA logical database in Greenplum is an array of individual PostgreSQL databases working together to present a single database image.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Key-value storeRelational DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score66.18
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score0.64
Rank#209  Overall
#36  Key-value stores
Score12.55
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score31.67
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbgithub.com/­boltdb/­boltpivotal.io/­pivotal-greenplumazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbgpdb.docs.pivotal.iodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperAmazonPivotal Software Inc.Microsoft
Initial release2012201320052014
Current release6.7.1, April 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGo
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linuxhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infosince Version 4.2
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyesSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
GoC
Java
Perl
Python
R
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyesJavaScript
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS LambdanoyesJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneSource-replica replicationyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)noyeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
noneImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionyesACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item level

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Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Dynobase: Professional DynamoDB GUI Client. Available for Mac, Windows & Linux.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon DynamoDBBoltDBGreenplumMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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