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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. BoltDB vs. Grakn vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. BoltDB vs. Grakn vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonBoltDB  Xexclude from comparisonGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudAn embedded key-value store for Go.Grakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Key-value storeGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score66.18
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score0.64
Rank#209  Overall
#36  Key-value stores
Score0.75
Rank#191  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#94  Relational DBMS
Score31.67
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbgithub.com/­boltdb/­boltgrakn.aiazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdev.grakn.ai/­docsdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperAmazonGrakn LabsMicrosoft
Initial release2012201320162014
Current release1.8.3, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoJava
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
GoAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnononoJavaScript
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS LambdanonoJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding infoby using CassandraSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandrayes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)noyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperwith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
noneImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono infosubstituted by the relationship featureno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionyesACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)noyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressAccess rights can be defined down to the item level
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DynamoDBBoltDBGraknMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
News

Discover, Build, Inspire with Grakn - We’ll take care of the swag!
18 August 2020

Grakn Labs community newsletter for week of June 15 — Grakn Labs Online brings you webinars…
15 June 2020

Grakn Cosmos 2020: A Recap
25 February 2020

Moving from Slack to Discord
14 February 2020

Setting up a knowledge base to encode domain knowledge for Rasa
14 August 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Dynobase: Professional DynamoDB GUI Client. Available for Mac, Windows & Linux.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBBoltDBGraknMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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