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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. BoltDB vs. FoundationDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. BoltDB vs. FoundationDB vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonBoltDB  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudAn embedded key-value store for Go.Ordered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Globally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Key-value storeDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score68.41
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score0.69
Rank#205  Overall
#36  Key-value stores
Score1.11
Rank#162  Overall
#24  Document stores
#30  Key-value stores
#80  Relational DBMS
Score32.01
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbgithub.com/­boltdb/­boltwww.foundationdb.orgazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperAmazonFoundationDBMicrosoft
Initial release2012201320132014
Current release6.2.11, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageGoC++
Server operating systemshostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infosome layers support schemasschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnono infosome layers support typingyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesnonoyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonosupported in specific SQL layer onlySQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Go.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoin SQL-layer onlyJavaScript
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS LambdanonoJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nonowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
noneLinearizable consistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoin SQL-layer onlyno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionyesACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)nonoAccess rights can be defined down to the item level

More information provided by the system vendor

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Related products and services
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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBBoltDBFoundationDBMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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