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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Apache Phoenix vs. MarkLogic vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Apache Phoenix vs. MarkLogic vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL databaseGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMSDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score66.18
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score3.31
Rank#92  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Score11.94
Rank#41  Overall
#7  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Score31.67
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbphoenix.apache.orgwww.marklogic.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbphoenix.apache.orgdocs.marklogic.comdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperAmazonApache Software FoundationMarkLogic Corp.Microsoft
Initial release2012201420012014
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 20199.0, 2017
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesschema-free infoSchema can be enforcedschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infoSQL92SQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJDBCJava API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsyes infovia XQuery or JavaScriptJavaScript
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS LambdanoyesJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
yesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)Hadoop integrationyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transactionMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes, with Range Indexes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levelsAccess rights can be defined down to the item level
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DynamoDBApache PhoenixMarkLogicMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
Specific characteristicsThe MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Competitive advantagesThe main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Typical application scenariosMarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Key customersMarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Market metricsMarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDynobase: Professional DynamoDB GUI Client. Available for Mac, Windows & Linux.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon DynamoDBApache PhoenixMarkLogicMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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