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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Apache Phoenix vs. Google Cloud Firestore

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Apache Phoenix vs. Google Cloud Firestore

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonApache Phoenix  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Firestore  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudA scale-out RDBMS with evolutionary schema built on Apache HBaseCloud Firestore is an auto-scaling document database for storing, syncing, and querying data for mobile and web apps. It offers seamless integration with other Firebase and Google Cloud Platform products.
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score69.14
Rank#17  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score3.39
Rank#94  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Score8.21
Rank#51  Overall
#9  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbphoenix.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­products/­firestore
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbphoenix.apache.orgfirebase.google.com/­docs/­firestore
DeveloperAmazonApache Software FoundationGoogle
Initial release201220142017
Current release5.0-HBase2, July 2018 and 4.15-HBase1, December 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Unix
Windows
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyes infolate-bound, schema-on-read capabilitiesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesno
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJDBCAndroid
gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
iOS
JavaScript API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Groovy
Java
PHP
Python
Scala
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functionsyes, Firebase Rules & Cloud Functions
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdanoyes, with Cloud Functions
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
Multi-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)Hadoop integrationUsing Cloud Dataflow
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate Consistency or Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access Control Lists (using HBase ACL) for RBAC, integration with Apache Ranger for RBAC & ABAC, multi-tenancyAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management. Security Rules for 3rd party authentication using Firebase Auth.

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBApache PhoenixGoogle Cloud Firestore
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