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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Apache IoTDB vs. H2

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Apache IoTDB vs. H2

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonApache IoTDB  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudAn IoT native database with high performance for data management and analysis, deployable on the edge and the cloud and integrated with Hadoop, Spark and FlinkFull-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score82.90
Rank#15  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score1.13
Rank#199  Overall
#16  Time Series DBMS
Score8.50
Rank#51  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbiotdb.apache.orgwww.h2database.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbiotdb.apache.org/­UserGuide/­Master/­QuickStart/­QuickStart.htmlwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.html
DeveloperAmazonApache Software FoundationThomas Mueller
Initial release201220182005
Current release1.1.0, April 20232.2.220, July 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VM (>= 1.8)All OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJDBC
Native API
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
Python
Scala
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functions
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdayesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardinghorizontal partitioning (by time range) + vertical partitioning (by deviceId)none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesselectable replication methods; using Raft/IoTConsensus algorithm to ensure strong/eventual data consistency among multiple replicasWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a database
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)Integration with Hadoop and Sparkno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Eventual Consistency
Strong Consistency with Raft
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)yesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBApache IoTDBH2
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26 September 2023, AWS Blog

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