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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Apache Druid vs. Snowflake

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Apache Druid vs. Snowflake

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonApache Druid  Xexclude from comparisonSnowflake  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudOpen-source analytics data store designed for sub-second OLAP queries on high dimensionality and high cardinality dataCloud-based data warehousing service for structured and semi-structured data
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMS
Time Series DBMS
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score79.69
Rank#15  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score2.49
Rank#125  Overall
#62  Relational DBMS
#8  Time Series DBMS
Score115.65
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdruid.apache.orgwww.snowflake.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdruid.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­designdocs.snowflake.net/­manuals/­index.html
DeveloperAmazonApache Software Foundation and contributorsSnowflake Computing Inc.
Initial release201220122014
Current release25.0.0, January 2023
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationsOpen Source infoApache license v2commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Unix
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyes infoschema-less columns are supportedyes infosupport of semi-structured data formats (JSON, XML, Avro)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL for queryingyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJDBC
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
CLI Client
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Clojure
JavaScript
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonouser defined functions
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdanono infosimilar concept for controling cloud resources
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingSharding infomanual/auto, time-basedyes
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes, via HDFS, S3 or other storage enginesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)RBAC using LDAP or Druid internals for users and groups for read/write by datasource and systemUsers with fine-grained authorization concept, user roles and pluggable authentication

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBApache DruidSnowflake
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Recent citations in the news

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