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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score70.95
Rank#17  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score15.07
Rank#38  Overall
#23  Relational DBMS
Score19.84
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbaws.amazon.com/­redshiftazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperAmazonAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Microsoft
Initial release201220122016
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions infoin PythonTransact SQL
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdanono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBAmazon RedshiftMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
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Simplify cross-account access control with Amazon DynamoDB using resource-based policies
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Bulk update Amazon DynamoDB tables with AWS Step Functions
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