DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. Oracle

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB vs. Oracle

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.Widely used RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
RDF store infowith Oracle Spatial and Graph
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score61.37
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score21.78
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score0.86
Rank#165  Overall
#24  Document stores
#29  Key-value stores
#80  Relational DBMS
Score1336.07
Rank#1  Overall
#1  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.foundationdb.orgwww.oracle.com/­database
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftapple.github.io/­foundationdbdocs.oracle.com/­en/­database
DeveloperAmazonAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)FoundationDBOracle
Initial release2012201220131980
Current release6.1.11, July 201919c, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemasyes infoSchemaless in JSON and XML columns
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno infosome layers support typingyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyesrestrictednoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardsupported in specific SQL layer onlyyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Cobol
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Fortran
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Objective C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions infoin Pythonin SQL-layer onlyPL/SQL infoalso stored procedures in Java possible
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdanonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingShardinghorizontal partitioning infowith the optional Oracle Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesyesMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nonono infocan be realized in PL/SQL
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemin SQL-layer onlyyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDACIDACID infoisolation level can be parameterized
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes infoVersion 12c introduced the new option 'Oracle Database In-Memory'
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DynamoDBAmazon RedshiftFoundationDBOracle
Specific characteristicsOracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is a multi-model...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsOracle Database Cloud Services Customers can choose from a wide range of database...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
Dremio is like magic for Redshift accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

DBHawk: a web-based Amazon Redshift Workbench and Cloud database tool.
» more
General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat for Oracle improves the efficiency and productivity of Oracle developers and administrators with a streamlined working environment.
» more

Dremio is like magic for Oracle accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

DBHawk: a web-based Oracle database management and self-service BI software.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon DynamoDBAmazon RedshiftFoundationDBOracle
DB-Engines blog posts

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

Amazon - the rising star in the DBMS market
3 August 2015, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

The popularity of cloud-based DBMSs has increased tenfold in four years
7 February 2017, Matthias Gelbmann

Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

Amazon - the rising star in the DBMS market
3 August 2015, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Architecting eCommerce Platforms for Zero Downtime on Black Friday and Beyond
25 November 2016, Tony Branson (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

show all

Recent citations in the news

Introduction to Amazon DynamoDB for Cassandra developers
6 November 2019, idk.dev

Embracing operational analytics for better development
8 November 2019, App Developer Magazine

ScyllaDB Unveils Highly Anticipated Features for High-Performance NoSQL Database
5 November 2019, GlobeNewswire

Amazon Quits Oracle Database for Good
16 October 2019, SDxCentral

Rockset Partners with Tableau to Enable Users to See NoSQL Data in Real Time
8 November 2019, Database Trends and Applications

provided by Google News

Diyotta Now Available in AWS Marketplace
13 November 2019, PR Web

Tableau expands AWS partnership with new cloud migration initiative
12 November 2019, ZDNet

AWS, Genesys, Salesforce Purvey New Open Data Model News
13 November 2019, SDxCentral

Amazon Pulls Plug on Oracle Databases
17 October 2019, EnterpriseAI

Amazon Quits Oracle Database for Good
16 October 2019, SDxCentral

provided by Google News

Apple’s FoundationDB open sources the database layer behind CloudKit
14 January 2019, 9to5Mac

FoundationDB's Record Layer Supports Relational Database Semantics, Schema Management and Indexing
10 February 2019, InfoQ.com

FoundationDB, a very interesting NoSQL database owned by Apple, is now an open-source project
19 April 2018, GeekWire

Apple's FoundationDB to use new Record Layer Open Source
15 January 2019, TheCryptoUpdates

FoundationDB Goes Open Source
23 April 2018, Datanami

provided by Google News

What A Free Oracle Database Means To These 4 Developers
28 October 2019, Forbes

Amazon kisses last Oracle database goodbye, completes years-long migration
15 October 2019, CIO Dive

Rimini Street Announces Global Availability of Application Management Services for Oracle Database and Applications
8 November 2019, MarTech Series

What A Free Oracle Database Means To These Four Developers
30 October 2019, Techwire.net

Software’s Accelerating Data Needs May Benefit From Intel’s High-Optane Push
12 November 2019, Forbes

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

IT Support Engineer II
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Full-Stack AWS Engineer
Menlo Technologies, San Francisco Bay Area, CA

Systems Engineer - Database Services
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Herndon, VA

Principal Evangelist - Serverless
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Connecticut

Cloud Database Migration Engineer, Google Professional Services
Google, San Francisco, CA

Data Science Intern
LexisNexis, Raleigh, NC

VP, Business Intelligence & Insight, HBO Max
HBO Max, Burbank, CA

VP, Business Intelligence & Insight, HBO Max
HBO Max, New York, NY

Data Engineer I
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Professional Services Consultant Intern - 2020 United States
Amazon.com Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Sr. Data Scientist - Knowledge
Branch, Redwood City, CA

Sr. Data Scientist - Monetization
Branch, Redwood City, CA

Sr. Data Scientist - Content
Branch, Redwood City, CA

Data Scientist
Lucas Systems, Wexford, PA

Data Scientist
Lucas Systems, Inc., Wexford, PA

OBIEE+ Consultant / Architect (Oracle Business Intelligence - Enterprise Edition + Hyperion Reports + Hyperion Analyzer)
Decision Support Technology, Connecticut

Sr Database Administrator
United Biosource Corporation, Overland Park, KS

Hyperion HFM Consultant / Architect - HFM (Hyperion Financial Management)
Decision Support Technology, Connecticut

Oracle Essbase Consultant / Architect
Decision Support Technology, Connecticut

Hyperion Planning Consultant / Architect
Decision Support Technology, Connecticut

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

RavenDB logo

Setup a fully managed RavenDB Cloud Database in minutes. Enjoy hosting, management, backups all in one place.
Grab a Free Instance

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Redis logo

Hosted, serverless DBaaS
in 3 steps.

30MB Free!
Start now.


Datastax logo

Build data-driven applications that set the standard for performance, availability,
& scale with DataStax.
Learn more.

Present your product here