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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Amazon Redshift vs. FoundationDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonFoundationDB  Xexclude from comparison
Created as commercial project in 2013, FoundationDB has been acquired by Apple in March 2015 and was withdrawn from the market. As a consequence, the product was removed from the DB-Engines ranking. In April 2018, Apple open-sourced FoundationDB and it therefore reappears in the ranking.
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsOrdered key-value store. Core features are complimented by layers.
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMSDocument store infosupported via specific layer
Key-value store
Relational DBMS infosupported via specific SQL-layer
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score77.57
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score19.03
Rank#34  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Score1.07
Rank#188  Overall
#31  Document stores
#28  Key-value stores
#86  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbaws.amazon.com/­redshiftgithub.com/­apple/­foundationdb
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftapple.github.io/­foundationdb
DeveloperAmazonAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)FoundationDB
Initial release201220122013
Current release6.2.28, November 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageCC++
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free infosome layers support schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno infosome layers support typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedno
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardsupported in specific SQL layer only
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
PHP
Python
Ruby
Swift
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions infoin Pythonin SQL-layer only
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdanono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyLinearizable consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemin SQL-layer only
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardno

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBAmazon RedshiftFoundationDB
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