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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Elasticsearch

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Elasticsearch

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metric
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMSSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score55.93
Rank#19  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score20.97
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score148.62
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbaws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.elastic.co/­products/­elasticsearch
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftwww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.html
DeveloperAmazonAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Elastic
Initial release201220122010
Current release7.0.0, April 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on AWS and GCP that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageCJava
Server operating systemshostedhostedAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistent
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC.Net
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Community Contributed Clients
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions infoin Pythonyes
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdanoyes infoby using the 'percolation' feature
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)noES-Hadoop Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, all
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesMemcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DynamoDBAmazon RedshiftElasticsearch
Specific characteristicsAmazon DynamoDB is a key-value and document database that delivers single-digit millisecond...
» more
Elasticsearch is a highly scalable open source full-text search and analytics engine....
» more
Competitive advantagesPERFORMANCE AT SCALE DynamoDB supports some of the world’s largest scale applications...
» more
Open source, real-time index, search and analysis, horizontally scalable, distributed,...
» more
Typical application scenariosServerless web applications Build powerful web applications that automatically scale...
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Key customersNike Digital migrated their large clusters of Cassandra to a fully managed Amazon...
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Market metricsAccording to DB-Engines' ranking , Amazon DynamoDB is the most popular fully managed...
» more
More than 250 million cumulative downloads More than 100,000 community members in...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsDynamoDB charges for reading, writing, and storing data in your DynamoDB tables,...
» more
The Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Dremio is like magic for Redshift accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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DBHawk: a web-based Amazon Redshift Workbench and Cloud database tool.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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Dremio: Analyze your data with standard SQL and any BI tool. Accelerate your queries up to 1,000x.
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Elastic Cloud: Try the official hosted Elasticsearch.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon DynamoDBAmazon RedshiftElasticsearch
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