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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Cassandra

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Amazon Redshift vs. Cassandra

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparisonCassandra  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence toolsWide-column store based on ideas of BigTable and DynamoDB infoOptimized for write access
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Relational DBMSWide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score55.93
Rank#19  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score20.97
Rank#31  Overall
#19  Relational DBMS
Score125.72
Rank#10  Overall
#1  Wide column stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbaws.amazon.com/­redshiftcassandra.apache.org
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshiftcassandra.apache.org/­doc/­latest
DeveloperAmazonAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)Apache Software Foundation infoApache top level project, originally developped by Facebook
Initial release201220122008
Current release3.11.4, February 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageCJava
Server operating systemshostedhostedBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesrestrictedrestricted infoonly equality queries, not always the best performing solution
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standardSQL-like SELECT, DML and DDL statements (CQL)
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol infoCQL (Cassandra Query Language, an SQL-like language)
Thrift
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC#
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnouser defined functions infoin Pythonno
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdanoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyesselectable replication factor infoRepresentation of geographical distribution of servers is possible
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)noyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the systemno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDno infoAtomicity and isolation are supported for single operations
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users can be defined per object
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DynamoDBAmazon RedshiftCassandra
Specific characteristicsAmazon DynamoDB is a key-value and document database that delivers single-digit millisecond...
» more
Apache Cassandra is the leading NoSQL, distributed database management system, well...
» more
Competitive advantagesPERFORMANCE AT SCALE DynamoDB supports some of the world’s largest scale applications...
» more
No single point of failure ensures 100% availability . Operational simplicity for...
» more
Typical application scenariosServerless web applications Build powerful web applications that automatically scale...
» more
Internet of Things (IOT), fraud detection applications, recommendation engines, product...
» more
Key customersNike Digital migrated their large clusters of Cassandra to a fully managed Amazon...
» more
Apple, Netflix, Uber, ING,, Intuit,Fidelity, NY Times, Outbrain, BazaarVoice, Best...
» more
Market metricsAccording to DB-Engines' ranking , Amazon DynamoDB is the most popular fully managed...
» more
Cassandra is used by 40% of the Fortune 100.
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsDynamoDB charges for reading, writing, and storing data in your DynamoDB tables,...
» more
Apache license  Pricing for commercial distributions provided by DataStax and available...
» more

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBAmazon RedshiftCassandra
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Conferences and events

DataStax Accelerate, Apache Cassandra Conference
National Harbor, Maryland, USA, 21-23 May 2019

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