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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Amazon Neptune vs. Stardog vs. XAP

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Amazon Neptune vs. Stardog vs. XAP

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonXAP  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationHigh performant in-memory data grid for mission critical applications. Insight Edge from the same company extends XAP for AI/ML support, BI and other interfaces
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Document store
Key-value store infoValues are user defined objects
Secondary database modelsObject oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score66.18
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score2.35
Rank#115  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score1.45
Rank#144  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score1.00
Rank#168  Overall
#26  Document stores
#31  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.stardog.comwww.gigaspaces.com/­products/­xap
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceswww.stardog.com/­docsdocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.html
DeveloperAmazonAmazonStardog-UnionGigaspaces Technologies
Initial release2012201720102000
Current release7.3.0, May 202014.5.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava, C++, .Net
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno infoXML can be used for describing objects metadata
Secondary indexesyesnoyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL ServerSQL-like query language and DML statements
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
GigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
.Net
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javayes
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdanoyes infovia event handlersyes infoEvent Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenoneSharding infoHash based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-source replication in HA-ClusterMulti-source replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Source-replica replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nonoyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executors
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANY
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith encyption-at-restyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users and rolesRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DynamoDBAmazon NeptuneStardogXAP
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBAmazon NeptuneStardogXAP
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