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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Amazon Neptune vs. RDF4J vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Amazon Neptune vs. RDF4J vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Graph DBMS
RDF store
RDF storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score66.18
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score2.35
Rank#115  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score0.55
Rank#219  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score1.45
Rank#144  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbaws.amazon.com/­neptunerdf4j.orgwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesrdf4j.org/­documentationwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperAmazonAmazonSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Stardog-Union
Initial release2012201720042010
Current release7.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercialOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.commercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedhostedLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemasschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyesuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdanoyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasnoneMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith encyption-at-restyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)noAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DynamoDBAmazon NeptuneRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameStardog
Specific characteristicsStardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesStardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosStardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsStardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsA fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDynobase: Professional DynamoDB GUI Client. Available for Mac, Windows & Linux.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBAmazon NeptuneRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameStardog
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