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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Amazon Neptune vs. Elasticsearch

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Amazon Neptune vs. Elasticsearch

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metric
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Search engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score79.85
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score2.63
Rank#108  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score160.75
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbaws.amazon.com/­neptunewww.elastic.co/­elasticsearch
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourceswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.html
DeveloperAmazonAmazonElastic
Initial release201220172010
Current release7.8.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic License
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedhostedAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistent
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdanoyes infoby using the 'percolation' feature
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)noES-Hadoop Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, all
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith encyption-at-restyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)

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More resources
Amazon DynamoDBAmazon NeptuneElasticsearch
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Recent citations in the news

Everything You Need to Know About AWS DynamoDB
28 May 2021, hackernoon.com

A better way to query DynamoDB data with SQL
10 March 2021, TechTarget

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27 May 2021, TechTarget

Triggering AWS Lambda Events with DynamoDB Integration
28 April 2021, hackernoon.com

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18 January 2022, CultureMap Houston

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Amazon Neptune update: Machine learning, data science, and the future of graph databases
30 July 2021, ZDNet

Here’s how you can predict graphs accurately, quickly, and securely with Amazon Neptune
1 November 2021, YourStory

Catching up with Amazon Neptune
26 November 2019, ZDNet

Looking under the hood at Amazon Neptune
5 April 2018, ZDNet

Amazon Neptune is here: 6 ways customers use the AWS graph database
31 May 2018, TechRepublic

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Elastic CEO reflects on Amazon spat, license switch, and the principles of open source
27 December 2021, VentureBeat

Elastic shares drop after co-founder of Banon steps down as CEO of software company
12 January 2022, CNBC

Qbox Joins Instaclustr, the Platform for Open Source Data
11 January 2022, GlobeNewswire

Getting Started with Python and InfluxDB – The New Stack
21 January 2022, thenewstack.io

Amazon’s Elasticsearch fork OpenSearch hits prime time
13 July 2021, VentureBeat

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