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DBMS > Amazon DynamoDB vs. Amazon Neptune vs. Amazon Redshift

System Properties Comparison Amazon DynamoDB vs. Amazon Neptune vs. Amazon Redshift

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DynamoDB  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Neptune  Xexclude from comparisonAmazon Redshift  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionHosted, scalable database service by Amazon with the data stored in Amazons cloudFast, reliable graph database built for the cloudLarge scale data warehouse service for use with business intelligence tools
Primary database modelDocument store
Key-value store
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score66.18
Rank#16  Overall
#2  Document stores
#2  Key-value stores
Score2.35
Rank#115  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score23.01
Rank#30  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­dynamodbaws.amazon.com/­neptuneaws.amazon.com/­redshift
Technical documentationdocs.aws.amazon.com/­dynamodbaws.amazon.com/­neptune/­developer-resourcesdocs.aws.amazon.com/­redshift
DeveloperAmazonAmazonAmazon (based on PostgreSQL)
Initial release201220172012
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infofree tier for a limited amount of database operationscommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC
Server operating systemshostedhostedhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesnorestricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoyes infodoes not fully support an SQL-standard
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIRDF 1.1 / SPARQL 1.1
TinkerPop Gremlin 3.3
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
ColdFusion
Erlang
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C#
Go
Java
JavaScript
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBC
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonouser defined functions infoin Python
Triggersyes infoby integration with AWS Lambdanono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesShardingnoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesMulti-availability zones high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be specified for read operations
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infoinformational only, not enforced by the system
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACID infoACID across one or more tables within a single AWS account and regionACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith encyption-at-restyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)Access rights for users and roles can be defined via the AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM)fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

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Related products and services
3rd partiesDynobase: Professional DynamoDB GUI Client. Available for Mac, Windows & Linux.
» more

CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon DynamoDBAmazon NeptuneAmazon Redshift
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Recent citations in the news

DynamoDB on-demand vs. provisioned capacity: Which is better?
9 September 2020, TechTarget

ScyllaDB Unveils One-Step Migration from Amazon DynamoDB to Scylla NoSQL Database
2 September 2020, GlobeNewswire

Introducing immutable class mapping for the Enhanced DynamoDB Client in AWS SDK for Java 2.x
15 September 2020, idk.dev

Using DAL For Migration From DynamoDB to Spanner and Bigtable
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17 September 2020, idk.dev

Snowflake's complicated ties to Amazon present a long-term risk to IPO investors
16 September 2020, CNBC

Top 10 performance tuning techniques for Amazon Redshift
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