DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon DocumentDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. Sqrrl

System Properties Comparison Amazon DocumentDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL vs. Sqrrl

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonSqrrl  Xexclude from comparison
Sqrrl has been acquired by Amazon and became a part of Amazon Web Services. It has been removed from the DB-Engines ranking.
DescriptionFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database serviceMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLAdaptable, secure NoSQL built on Apache Accumulo
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.69
Rank#182  Overall
#27  Document stores
Score1098.55
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score507.19
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­documentdbwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.orgsqrrl.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourcesdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerAmazon infooriginally Sqrrl Data, Inc.
Initial release201919891989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL2012
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201912.1, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC++CJava
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Accumulo Shell
Java API
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Thrift
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Actionscript
C infousing GLib
C#
C++
Cocoa
Delphi
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Smalltalk
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.no
Triggersnoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashSharding infomaking use of Hadoop
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsselectable replication factor infomaking use of Hadoop
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nonoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoDocument store kept consistent with combination of global timestamping, row-level transactions, and server-side consistency resolution.
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyesyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-document operationsACIDACIDAtomic updates per row, document, or graph entity
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardCell-level Security, Data-Centric Security, Role-Based Access Control (RBAC), Attribute-Based Access Control (ABAC)

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesSQLPro for MSSQL: A simple but powerful Microsoft SQL Server database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

Dremio is like magic for SQL Server accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

ERBuilder provides all the features you would expect from a professional database modeling and design tool.
» more

DBHawk is a web-based data management Tool for a SQL Server database.
» more
CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
» more

DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
» more

SQLPro for PostgreSQL: A simple but powerful PostgreSQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon DocumentDBMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgreSQLSqrrl
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PGCon 2020, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Ottawa, Canada, 26-29 May 2020

Recent citations in the news

AWS Issues 'Urgent' Warning for Database Users to ...
9 January 2020, Dark Reading

Amazon AWS warns certain users to update certificates or face lost connectivity
10 January 2020, Continuity Central

Here are the 11 most important executives leading Amazon Web Services
7 January 2020, Business Insider UK

AWS Announces Amazon DocumentDB (with MongoDB Compatibility)
9 January 2019, Business Wire

Amazon DocumentDB Speeds Up With Slow Queries Logging
20 August 2019, Computer Business Review

provided by Google News

Edwin Sarmiento to Discuss High Availability (HA) Options for Microsoft SQL Server on Linux
21 January 2020, Yahoo Finance

Query Store For SQL Server 2019
21 January 2020, iProgrammer

SQL Server 2019: New Features
7 January 2020, TechNative

SQL Server Transformation Market Set for Healthy Growth; Demand from Large Enterprises in MEA Moves Upward
20 January 2020, Future Market Insights

TimeXtender Discovery Hub® Now Supports Azure Synapse Analytics & SQL Server 2019
8 January 2020, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

Database Management System (DBMS) Market is Thriving Worldwide | Microsoft, Software AG, IBM, Oracle, PostgreSQL, NCR
21 January 2020, The Market Journal

Aqua Data Studio Version 20.5 Introduces Support for Amazon RDS
14 January 2020, Yahoo Finance

RDBMS Software Market (2020 To 2027) Global Industry Analysis with Top Players Microsoft, Oracle, PostgreSQL
21 January 2020, Fusion Science Academy

Machine intelligence: Philly venture capital pumps $6.8 million into Bob Moul’s Circonus
21 January 2020, The Philadelphia Inquirer

ManageEngine OpManager Plus 12.4 review: Ideal for VM monitoring
21 January 2020, IT PRO

provided by Google News

User and Entity Behavior Analytics Market Business Scenario 2020 | SWOT Analysis by Major Players- Dtex Systems, Sqrrl Data, Securonix, Varonis Systems, Varonis Systems, Varonis Systems, Exabeam
21 January 2020, Dagoretti News

Fin-Tech Start-up Sqrrl Is On 'Mission 200' For The Betterment Of Underprivileged Children
31 December 2019, IndianWeb2.com

User and Entity Behavior Analytics Market ||Rapid7, Varonis SystemsInc. Gurucul, NiaraInc. Sqrrl DataInc. Dtex Systems
20 January 2020, TheInfobiz

Global User and Entity Behavior Analytics Market Data Analysis 2019-2025: Rapid7, Varonis SystemsInc. Gurucul, NiaraInc. Sqrrl DataInc. Dtex Systems
21 January 2020, Market Research News 24

Startups that put money to work
31 December 2019, Livemint

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

NoSQL Architect - Amazon DocumentDB
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Technical Factory Owner - Risk, Data & Science
Toyota, Plano, TX

Product Manager, Databases
Amazon.com Services LLC, Seattle, WA

Azure Architect
Insight Enterprises, Inc., Austin, TX

Database Reliability Engineer
MathWorks, Natick, MA

Sql Server Developer
SDH Systems, Redmond, WA

SQL Server Developer
Blackstone & Cullen, Atlanta, GA

Senior SQL Server Database Administrator
The Cimino Group, Connecticut

SQL Server DBA
Remote, Andover, MA

SQL Server Database Administrator
City of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA

PostgreSQL Consultant - remote
Percona, Remote

Entry Level Data Scientist
RTI International, Durham, NC

PostgreSQL DBA
West Advanced Technologies (WATI), Downey, CA

Database Administrator - PostgreSQL
Solutionreach Inc, Lehi, UT

Faculty Research Assistant
Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR

Cybersecurity Threat Hunter
Arete Advisors, New York, NY

NASA Cyber Hunt Analyst
KeyLogic Systems, Fairmont, WV

Network Security Engineer
Cambium Learning Group, Washington, DC

Cyber Hunt SME
XOR Security, Arrington, VA

Tier 1 SOC Analyst
XOR Security, Fairmont, WV

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

MariaDB logo

How do MariaDB, Oracle MySQL and EnterpriseDB compare?
Get the white paper to
learn more.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Datastax Luna logo

Simple, subscription-based support for open source
Apache Cassandra™ from the Cassandra experts.
Learn more.

Present your product here