DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon DocumentDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon DocumentDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database serviceMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.89
Rank#172  Overall
#27  Document stores
Score1059.72
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score527.00
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­documentdbwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourcesdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperMicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release201919891989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201912.3, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for PostgreSQL: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageC++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-document operationsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesDBHawk: Secure access to SQL, NoSQL and Cloud databases with an all-in-one solution.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more
General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

2ndQuadrant: Mission Critical Databases.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon DocumentDBMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Online Trainings
Online Training Courses, 4 May 2020 - 11 December 2020

Recent citations in the news

Backing up data with Amazon DocumentDB (with MongoDB compatibility)
10 July 2020, idk.dev

How Woot uses Amazon DocumentDB (with MongoDB compatibility) to scale deals
7 July 2020, idk.dev

Getting started with Amazon DocumentDB (with MongoDB compatibility); Part 3 – using Robo 3T
15 June 2020, idk.dev

Integrating Amazon EventBridge and Amazon ECS
10 July 2020, idk.dev

12 things you should know about Amazon DocumentDB (with MongoDB compatibility)
19 May 2020, idk.dev

provided by Google News

Use of External Component or SQL Server with Dialing System May Not Qualify as an ATDS
9 July 2020, Manatt, Phelps & Phillips, LLP

Best SQL Server Performance Tuning Tips
3 July 2020, iProgrammer

COVID-19 Impact on Global SQL Server Monitoring Tools Market Insights, Forecast to 2026
8 July 2020, Cole of Duty

TCPA: SQL Server's Does Not Make Dialing System an ATDS
17 June 2020, The National Law Review

The SQL Server and Azure SQL Connector for Apache Spark is now available on GitHub
22 June 2020, Neowin

provided by Google News

Taking a practical approach to open source PostgreSQL
24 June 2020, TechTarget

Bitnine Looks to Scale PostgreSQL
30 June 2020, Datanami

Understanding autovacuum in Amazon RDS for PostgreSQL environments
6 July 2020, idk.dev

EnterpriseDB Rebrands to EDB; Continues to Lead in the PostgreSQL Movement
23 June 2020, Business Wire

NoSQL Market to witness huge potential in future with key players: MongoDB, PostgreSQL, Oracle Database, MongoLab
11 July 2020, Jewish Life News

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Customer Success Manager
Chronus, Bellevue, WA

Sr. Data Scientist - Amazon Databases
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Principal Product Manager - Amazon DocumentDB
Amazon.com Services LLC, Seattle, WA

Software Development Manager
Amazon.com Services LLC, Seattle, WA

Senior Business Development Manager - NoSQL Databases
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

SQL Server DBA
Allergy Services of North America, Stockbridge, GA

SQL Server DBA (Remote Opportunity)
Navisite, Andover, MA

Sql Server Developer
SDH Systems, Redmond, WA

SQL Server DBA
CGI Group, Inc., Wausau, WI

SQL Server Engineer
Atlassian, Georgetown, TX

Jr. QA Analyst Trainee
SQA², Los Alamitos, CA

Data Technician (Full- or Part-Time)
Thasos Group, New York, NY

Fall 2020 DNC Technology Internship
Democratic National Committee, Washington, DC

Linux and Windows Administrator
Teramind, Remote

Jr Linux System Admin
Monmouth Telecom, Red Bank, NJ

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Arangodb logo

One open-source engine for graph, document & search. Simplify your deployment
stack on Prem, in the cloud - Anywhere.

Present your product here