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DBMS > Amazon DocumentDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Coherence vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon DocumentDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Coherence vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Coherence  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database serviceMicrosofts relational DBMSOracles in-memory data grid solutionWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.69
Rank#182  Overall
#27  Document stores
Score1098.55
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score2.15
Rank#108  Overall
#20  Key-value stores
Score507.19
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­documentdbwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­middleware/­coherence/­overview/­index.htmlwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourcesdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­middleware/­coherence/­documentation/­index.htmlwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperMicrosoftOraclePostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release2019198920071989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseSQL Server 2019, November 201912c, September 201612.1, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
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Implementation languageC++JavaC
Server operating systemshostedLinux
Windows
All OS with a Java VMFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesnoyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
JCache
JPA
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C++
Java
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javanouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyesyes infoLive Eventsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationShardingpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Editionyes, with selectable consistency levelMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyesnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-document operationsACIDconfigurableACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infooptionallyyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardauthentification to access the cache via certificates or http basic authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

More information provided by the system vendor

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More resources
Amazon DocumentDBMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle CoherencePostgreSQL
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