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DBMS > Amazon DocumentDB vs. IBM Db2 vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Amazon DocumentDB vs. IBM Db2 vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database serviceCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin DB2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.65
Rank#183  Overall
#28  Document stores
Score171.35
Rank#6  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score31.43
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­documentdbwww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2azure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourceswww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperIBMMicrosoft
Initial release20191983 infohost version2014
Current release12.1, October 2016
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercialcommercial infofree version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageC and C++
Server operating systemshostedAIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
hosted
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)ADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesJavaScript
TriggersnoyesJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux VersionSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nowith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-document operationsACIDMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights can be defined down to the item level

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More resources
Amazon DocumentDBIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
Recent citations in the news

AWS Announces Amazon DocumentDB (with MongoDB Compatibility)
9 January 2019, Business Wire

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4 December 2019, TechTarget

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Assured Huge Growth by Global Document Databases Software Market (2020-2029) - MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB
5 December 2019, 5Gigs News

Striim Introduces Bi-Directional Server for Data Modernization in Hybrid Cloud Deployments; New Enhancements in Release 3.9.7 for Google Spanner, Azure Synapse Analytics, Azure Cosmos DB, MySQL, Maria
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