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DBMS > Amazon DocumentDB vs. Hive vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon DocumentDB vs. Hive vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database servicedata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on HadoopMicrosofts flagship relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.92
Rank#130  Overall
#24  Document stores
Score78.43
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score926.30
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1212.47
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­documentdbhive.apache.orgwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.mysql.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourcescwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Homedocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by FacebookMicrosoftOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release2019201219891995
Current release3.1.2, August 2019SQL Server 2019, November 20198.0.30, July 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++C and C++
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMLinux
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyesyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
C++
Java
PHP
Python
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javayes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationhorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasselectable replication factoryes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yes infoquery execution via MapReducenono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possiblenoyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-document operationsnoACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles

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