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DBMS > Amazon DocumentDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. PouchDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon DocumentDB vs. Google Cloud Spanner vs. PouchDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonGoogle Cloud Spanner  Xexclude from comparisonPouchDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database serviceA horizontally scalable, globally consistent, relational database service. It is the externalization of the core Google database that runs the biggest aspects of Google, like Ads and Google Play.JavaScript DBMS with an API inspired by CouchDB
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.91
Rank#131  Overall
#24  Document stores
Score2.84
Rank#100  Overall
#51  Relational DBMS
Score2.34
Rank#112  Overall
#21  Document stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­documentdbcloud.google.com/­spannerpouchdb.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourcescloud.google.com/­spanner/­docspouchdb.com/­guides
DeveloperGoogleApache Software Foundation
Initial release201920172012
Current release7.1.1, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialOpen Source
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaScript
Server operating systemshostedhostedserver-less, requires a JavaScript environment (browser, Node.js)
Data schemeschema-freeyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infovia views
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoQuery statements complying to ANSI 2011no
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)gRPC (using protocol buffers) API
JDBC infoAt present, JDBC supports read-only queries. No support for DDL or DML statements.
RESTful HTTP API
HTTP REST infoonly for PouchDB Server
JavaScript API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
JavaScript
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoView functions in JavaScript
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infowith a proxy-based framework, named couchdb-lounge
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMulti-source replication with 3 replicas for regional instances.Multi-source replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
Source-replica replication infoalso with CouchDB databases
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yes infousing Google Cloud Dataflowyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infoby using interleaved tables, this features focuses more on performance improvements than on referential integrityno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-document operationsACID infoStrict serializable isolationno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoby using IndexedDB, WebSQL or LevelDB as backend
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles based on Google Cloud Identity and Access Management (IAM)no

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More resources
Amazon DocumentDBGoogle Cloud SpannerPouchDB
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