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DBMS > Amazon DocumentDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft Azure Search

System Properties Comparison Amazon DocumentDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft Azure Search

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Search  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database serviceA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricSearch-as-a-service for web and mobile app development
Primary database modelDocument storeSearch engineSearch engine
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.83
Rank#129  Overall
#23  Document stores
Score154.33
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score7.58
Rank#58  Overall
#7  Search engines
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­documentdbwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­search
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourceswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­search
DeveloperElasticMicrosoft
Initial release201920102015
Current release7.8.0, June 2020V1
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoElastic Licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageno
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesno
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)ES-Hadoop Connectorno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possiblenono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-document operationsnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesyes infousing Azure authentication

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Amazon DocumentDBElasticsearchMicrosoft Azure Search
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