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DBMS > Amazon DocumentDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

System Properties Comparison Amazon DocumentDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database serviceA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database service
Primary database modelDocument storeSearch engineDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.96
Rank#173  Overall
#28  Document stores
Score151.25
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score32.97
Rank#25  Overall
#3  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­documentdbwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-db
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourceswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-db
DeveloperElasticMicrosoft
Initial release201920102014
Current release7.8.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Elastic Licensecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Elasticsearch Service on Elastic Cloud: Try out the official hosted Elasticsearch and Kibana offering available on Amazon Web Services, Google Cloud and Microsoft Azure that's powered by the creators of Elasticsearch.
Implementation languageJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMhosted
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infoJSON types
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by default
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
DocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesJavaScript
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureJavaScript
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)ES-Hadoop Connectorwith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possiblenono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-document operationsnoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partition
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights can be defined down to the item level
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DocumentDBElasticsearchMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
Specific characteristicsElasticsearch is an open source search and analytics engine. As the heart of the...
» more
Competitive advantagesOpen source Real-time indexsearch, and analysis Horizontally scalable Distributed...
» more
Typical application scenariosEnterprise search (search experiences for your workplace, apps, and websites), observability...
» more
Key customersThousands of organizations worldwide, including Cisco, eBay, Goldman Sachs, Microsoft,...
» more
Market metricsPublic as of October 2018 Distributed workforce with 1900+ employees around the globe​...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Kibana, Beats, and Logstash) is free and open source...
» more

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Related products and services
3rd partiesElastic Cloud: Try the official managed Elasticsearch.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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More resources
Amazon DocumentDBElasticsearchMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB
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Recent citations in the news

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19 January 2021, Diginomica

Introduction to Amazon DocumentDB With MongoDB Compatibility
19 October 2020, AiThority

Oracle Database 21c Takes on AWS, Microsoft in Clash of the Titans
22 January 2021, Cloud Wars

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