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DBMS > Amazon DocumentDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. Hive

System Properties Comparison Amazon DocumentDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. Hive

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonHive  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database serviceA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricdata warehouse software for querying and managing large distributed datasets, built on Hadoop
Primary database modelDocument storeSearch engineRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.80
Rank#148  Overall
#25  Document stores
Score134.79
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score64.82
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­documentdbwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchhive.apache.org
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourceswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlcwiki.apache.org/­confluence/­display/­Hive/­Home
DeveloperElasticApache Software Foundation infoinitially developed by Facebook
Initial release201920102012
Current release8.6, January 20233.1.3, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statements
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JDBC
ODBC
Thrift
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduce
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyesselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)ES-Hadoop Connectoryes infoquery execution via MapReduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possiblenono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-document operationsnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integration
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users, groups and roles

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More resources
Amazon DocumentDBElasticsearchHive
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