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DBMS > Amazon DocumentDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. Hazelcast

System Properties Comparison Amazon DocumentDB vs. Elasticsearch vs. Hazelcast

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonElasticsearch  Xexclude from comparisonHazelcast  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database serviceA distributed, RESTful modern search and analytics engine based on Apache Lucene infoElasticsearch lets you perform and combine many types of searches such as structured, unstructured, geo, and metricA widely adopted in-memory data grid
Primary database modelDocument storeSearch engineKey-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
Vector DBMS
Document store infoJSON support with IMDG 3.12
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.91
Rank#132  Overall
#24  Document stores
Score135.35
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Search engines
Score5.97
Rank#57  Overall
#6  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­documentdbwww.elastic.co/­elasticsearchhazelcast.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourceswww.elastic.co/­guide/­en/­elasticsearch/­reference/­current/­index.htmlhazelcast.org/­imdg/­docs
DeveloperElasticHazelcast
Initial release201920102008
Current release8.6, January 20235.3.6, November 2023
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoElastic LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2; commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava
Server operating systemshostedAll OS with a Java VMAll OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-freeschema-free infoFlexible type definitions. Once a type is defined, it is persistentschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infothe object must implement a serialization strategy
Secondary indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
JCache
JPA
Memcached protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
.Net
Groovy
Community Contributed Clients
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C#
C++
Clojure
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyes infoEvent Listeners, Executor Services
Triggersnoyes infoby using the 'percolation' featureyes infoEvents
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasyesyes infoReplicated Map
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)ES-Hadoop Connectoryes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency infoSynchronous doc based replication. Get by ID may show delays up to 1 sec. Configurable write consistency: one, quorum, allImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency selectable by user infoRaft Consensus Algorithm
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possiblenono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-document operationsnoone or two-phase-commit; repeatable reads; read commited
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.Memcached and Redis integrationyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesRole-based access control

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More resources
Amazon DocumentDBElasticsearchHazelcast
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