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DBMS > Amazon DocumentDB vs. DuckDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. UniData,UniVerse

System Properties Comparison Amazon DocumentDB vs. DuckDB vs. PostgreSQL vs. UniData,UniVerse

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonDuckDB  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparisonUniData,UniVerse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database serviceAn embeddable, in-process, column-oriented SQL OLAP RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQLMultiValue database and application server with SQL mapping layer and meta database capabilities
Primary database modelDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.Multivalue DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.69
Rank#133  Overall
#22  Document stores
Score0.23
Rank#282  Overall
#131  Relational DBMS
Score606.56
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Score3.62
Rank#90  Overall
#2  Multivalue DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­documentdbduckdb.orgwww.postgresql.orgwww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-u2
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourcesduckdb.org/­docswww.postgresql.org/­docswww.rocketsoftware.com/­products/­rocket-u2/­documentation
DeveloperPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developerRocket Software
Initial release201920181989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL1985
Current release0.2, August 202014.1, November 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoBSDcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageC++CC
Server operating systemshostedserver-lessFreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesoptional
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes infostandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)CLI Client
JDBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Java API infoJPA
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
SOAP-based API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
C
C++
Go info3rd party driver
Java
Python
R
Ruby info3rd party driver
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
.Net
Basic infoU2 Basic
C
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonouser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.yes
Triggersnonoyesyes infoU2 Basic
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonepartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hashnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasnoneSource-replica replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensionsSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)nonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possiblenoyesno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-document operationsACIDACIDACID infoconfigurable
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights according to SQL-standard and operating system based

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More resources
Amazon DocumentDBDuckDBPostgreSQLUniData,UniVerse
DB-Engines blog posts

Snowflake is the DBMS of the Year 2021
3 January 2022, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Driving the Future of PostgreSQL Adoption
15 November 2021,  Umair Shahid, Percona (sponsor) 

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24 September 2021,  Matt Yonkovit, Percona (sponsor) 

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Conferences and events

Postgres Build 2021
On Demand Talks, 30 November 2021 - 1 December 2021 (finished)

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