DB-EnginesCrateDB bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Amazon DocumentDB vs. Couchbase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison Amazon DocumentDB vs. Couchbase vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. PostgreSQL

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonCouchbase infoOriginally called Membase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database serviceJSON-based document store derived from CouchDB with a Memcached-compatible interfaceMicrosofts relational DBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsKey-value store infooriginating from the former Membase product and supporting the Memcached protocolDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.69
Rank#182  Overall
#27  Document stores
Score32.04
Rank#23  Overall
#3  Document stores
Score1098.55
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score507.19
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­documentdbwww.couchbase.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourcesdocs.couchbase.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-ie/­sql/­sql-server/­sql-server-technical-documentationwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperCouchbase, Inc.MicrosoftPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release2019201119891989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current releaseServer: 6.0, October 2018; Mobile: 2.5, May 2019; Couchbase Autonomous Operator: 1.2, May 2019SQL Server 2019, November 201912.1, November 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2; Commercial licenses also availablecommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageC, C++, Go and ErlangC++C
Server operating systemshostedLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoString, Boolean, Numberyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoDeclarative query language (N1QL) that extends ANSI SQL to JSON. First commercial implementation of SQL++.yesyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)Native language bindings for CRUD, Query, Search and Analytics APIsADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
ADO.NET
JDBC
native C library
ODBC
streaming API for large objects
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
.Net
C
Clojure
ColdFusion
Erlang
Go
Java
JavaScript infoNode.js
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Tcl
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoFunctions and timers in JavaScriptTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javauser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyes infovia the TAP protocolyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMaster-master replication infoincluding cross data center replication
Master-slave replication
yes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMaster-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoselectable on a per-operation basis
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possiblenoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-document operationsSingle-document ACID transactionsACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoEphemeral bucketsyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesUser and Administrator separation with password-based and LDAP integrated Authenticationfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Amazon DocumentDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsDeveloped as an alternative to traditionally inflexible relational databases, Couchbase...
» more
Competitive advantagesCouchbase was architected with several differentiated capabilities: Shared-nothing,...
» more
Typical application scenariosCustomer 360 for user profile, session store and data aggregation (Comcast, Equifax,...
» more
Key customersAmadeus, AT&T, BD (Becton, Dickinson and Company), Carrefour, Cisco, Comcast, Disney,...
» more
Market metricsNamed a leader in the Forrester Wave™: Big Data NoSQL, Q1 2019 Over 10M downloads...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsThe Community Edition (CE) of Couchbase Server and Couchbase Mobile are available...
» more

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more
DBHawk is a web-based data management Tool for a SQL Server database.
» more

Navicat Monitor is a safe, simple and agentless remote server monitoring tool for SQL Server and many other database management systems.
» more

SQLPro for MSSQL: A simple but powerful Microsoft SQL Server database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

Navicat for SQL Server gives you a fully graphical approach to database management and development.
» more

Dremio is like magic for SQL Server accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

ERBuilder provides all the features you would expect from a professional database modeling and design tool.
» more
2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
» more

CYBERTEC: your professional partner for PostgreSQL services and Data Science based on PostgreSQL since 2000. With offices in Austria, Uruguay, Estonia and Switzerland, CYBERTEC operates worldwide!
» more

pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
» more

Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
» more

SQLPro for PostgreSQL: A simple but powerful PostgreSQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
» more

Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
» more

General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
» more

Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
Amazon DocumentDBCouchbase infoOriginally called MembaseMicrosoft SQL ServerPostgreSQL
DB-Engines blog posts

Couchbase climbs up the DB-Engines Ranking, increasing its popularity by 10% every month
2 June 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

MySQL is the DBMS of the Year 2019
3 January 2020, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

The struggle for the hegemony in Oracle's database empire
2 May 2017, Paul Andlinger

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2017
2 January 2018, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

Microsoft SQL Server is the DBMS of the Year
4 January 2017, Matthias Gelbmann, Paul Andlinger

show all

Conferences and events

PGCon 2020, PostgreSQL Conference for Users and Developers
Ottawa, Canada, 26-29 May 2020

Recent citations in the news

AWS Issues 'Urgent' Warning for Database Users to ...
9 January 2020, Dark Reading

Amazon AWS warns certain users to update certificates or face lost connectivity
10 January 2020, Continuity Central

AWS needs you (to rotate your certificates)
8 January 2020, DevClass

Here are the 11 most important executives leading Amazon Web Services
7 January 2020, Business Insider UK

AWS Announces Amazon DocumentDB (with MongoDB Compatibility)
9 January 2019, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Couchbase Mobile Wins 2020 BIG Innovation Award
22 January 2020, Yahoo Finance

Couchbase to Present at the 22nd Annual Needham Growth Conference
7 January 2020, GlobeNewswire

Four Companies Offering Multimodel Database Management System Technology Named IDC Innovators
9 January 2020, Yahoo Finance

Global Document Databases Market 2025 by Orbis Market Reports | Expected to Grow as Demand from End-Users- Couchbase, MongoDB, Amazon etc.
24 January 2020, Expedition 99

Couchbase Server team puts 6.5 beta up for feedback
12 August 2019, DevClass

provided by Google News

Edwin Sarmiento to Discuss High Availability (HA) Options for Microsoft SQL Server on Linux
21 January 2020, Yahoo Finance

Be a Migration Master - Solving the Windows Server 2008 and SQL Server 2008 End Of Service Dilemma
23 January 2020, Redmond Channel Partner

SQL Server 2019: New Features
7 January 2020, TechNative

Query Store For SQL Server 2019
21 January 2020, iProgrammer

Learning SQL: Skills and Knowledge You Need to Know
23 January 2020, Dice Insights

provided by Google News

Aqua Data Studio Version 20.5 Introduces Support for Amazon RDS
14 January 2020, Yahoo Finance

GitLab 12.7 adds parent-child pipelines for increased performance
23 January 2020, JAXenter

Database Management System (DBMS) Market is Thriving Worldwide | Microsoft, Software AG, IBM, Oracle, PostgreSQL, NCR
21 January 2020, The Market Journal

Global NoSQL Market Key Business Opportunities | Microsoft SQL Server, MySQL, MongoDB, PostgreSQL - Expedition 99
23 January 2020, Expedition 99

Hands-on SQL in PostgreSQL
16 December 2019, Database Journal

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

NoSQL Architect - Amazon DocumentDB
Amazon Web Services, Inc., Seattle, WA

Product Manager, Databases
Amazon.com Services LLC, Seattle, WA

Database Reliability Engineer
MathWorks, Natick, MA

Azure Architect
Insight Enterprises, Inc., Austin, TX

Database Engineer II
Expedia.com, Seattle, WA

Kafka developer
Ace-stack LLC, Arizona

Front End Developer
Piper Companies, Malvern, PA

Principal Product Manager - Couchbase Server, Analytics
Couchbase, Remote

Principal Product Manager - Security, Couchbase Database
Couchbase, Remote

Deployment Specialist
FIS Global, Durham, NC

Sql Server Developer
SDH Systems, Redmond, WA

SQL Server DBA
FieldStack, Portland, ME

SQL Server Developer
Blackstone & Cullen, Atlanta, GA

SQL Server / GIS Administrator (Technology Engineer)
South Dakota State Government, Pierre, SD

Senior SQL Server Database Administrator
The Cimino Group, Connecticut

Baseball Research and Development Analyst
Milwaukee Brewers, Milwaukee, WI

PostgreSQL Consultant - remote
Percona, Remote

Product Owner - MySQL (remote)
Percona, Remote

Research Developer
University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS

Director of QA
Piper Companies, Arlington, VA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

How do MariaDB, Oracle MySQL and EnterpriseDB compare?
Get the white paper to
learn more.

Datastax Luna logo

Simple, subscription-based support for open source
Apache Cassandra™ from the Cassandra experts.
Learn more.

RavenDB logo

Setup a fully managed RavenDB Cloud Database in minutes. Enjoy hosting, management, backups all in one place.
Grab a Free Instance

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Present your product here