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DBMS > Amazon DocumentDB vs. Cloudant vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison Amazon DocumentDB vs. Cloudant vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameAmazon DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonCloudant  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionFast, scalable, highly available, and fully managed MongoDB-compatible database serviceDatabase as a Service offering based on Apache CouchDBGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelDocument storeDocument storeDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.69
Rank#182  Overall
#27  Document stores
Score3.45
Rank#82  Overall
#15  Document stores
Score31.51
Rank#24  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score5.11
Rank#63  Overall
#11  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#11  Key-value stores
Websiteaws.amazon.com/­documentdbcloudant.comazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dborientdb.com
Technical documentationaws.amazon.com/­documentdb/­resourcesdocs.cloudant.comdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­cosmos-dborientdb.org/­docs/­3.0.x
DeveloperIBM, Apache Software Foundation infoIBM acquired Cloudant in February 2014MicrosoftOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud
Initial release2019201020142010
Current release3.0.23, August 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourcecommercialcommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceyesyesyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageErlangJava
Server operating systemshostedhostedhostedAll OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeschema-freeschema-freeschema-freeschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyes infoJSON typesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoSQL-like query languageSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsproprietary protocol using JSON (MongoDB compatible)RESTful HTTP/JSON APIDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesGo
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
C#
Java
JavaScript
Objective-C
PHP
Ruby
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoView functions (Map-Reduce) in JavaScriptJavaScriptJava, Javascript
TriggersnoyesJavaScriptHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-availability zones for high availability, asynchronous replication for up to 15 read replicasMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
yes infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceMaster-master replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsno infomay be implemented via Amazon Elastic MapReduce (Amazon EMR)yeswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*no infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possiblenonoyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataAtomic single-document operationsno infoatomic operations within a document possibleMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infoOptimistic lockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users and rolesAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable

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More resources
Amazon DocumentDBCloudantMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBOrientDB
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